Open in a separate window These targets are both global and local, adapted to each country to meet specific needs. They provide a framework for the whole international community to work together towards a common goal.
Bookmark Glossary Absolute poverty The condition of having too little income to buy the necessities-- food, shelter, clothing, health care. Achieved status A social position status obtained through an individual's own talents and efforts.
Affirmative action The requirement that employers make special efforts to recruits hire and promote qualified members of previously excluded groups including women and minorities. Aggregate A collection of unrelated people who do not know one another but who may occupy a common space--for example, a crowd of people crossing a city street.
Agrarian societies Societies in which large scale cultivation using plows and draft animals is the primary means of subsistence.
Alienation The separation or estrangement of individuals from themselves and from others. Amalgamation The biological as well as cultural assimilation merging of racial or ethnic groups.
Anomalies In science observations or problems that cannot be explained or solved in terms of a prevailing paradigm.
Anomie A breakdown or confusion in the norms, values, and culture of a group or a society. A condition of relative normlessness. Anomie theory The theory suggesting that deviance and crime occur when there is an acute gap between cultural norms and goals and the socially structured opportunities for individuals to achieve those goals.
Anticipatory socialization The process of taking on the attitudes values and behaviors of a status or role one expects to occupy in the future. Apartheid The recent policy of racial separation in South Africa enforced by legal political and military power. Ascribed status A social position status such as sex, race, and social class that a person acquires at birth.
Assimilation The merging of minority and majority groups into one group with a come mon culture and identity.
Association A group of people bound together by common goals and rules, but not necessarily by close personal ties. Athletics A form of sport that is closer to work than to play. Authority Power regarded as legitimate. Autocracy Rule or government concentrated in a single ruler or group of leaders who are willing to use force to maintain control.
Baby boom The people who were born in the United States between and This group represented a sharp increase in birth rates and in the absolute number of births compared to pre levels. Bias The influence of a scientist's personal values and attitudes on scientific observations and conclusions.
Bicultural The capacity to understand and function well in more than one cultural group.
Birth rate Number of births per year per women 15 to 44 years old. Bureaucracy A large-scale formal organization with centralized authority, a hierarchical chain of command, explicit rules and procedures, and an emphasis on formal positions rather than on persons.
Calling The idea in certain branches of ascetic Protestantism that one can live acceptably to God by fulfilling the obligations imposed by one's secular position in the world. Capitalism A form of economic organization in which private individuals accumulate and invest capital, own the means of production, and control profits.
Caste system A closed system of social stratification in which prestige and social relationships are based on hereditary position at birth. Centrally planned economy An economic system that includes public ownership of or control over all productive resources and whose activity is planned by the government.
Charisma The exceptional mystical or even supernatural quality of personality attributed to a person by others.
Literally, "the gift of grace.an array of components that work together to achieve a common goal or multiple goals, by accepting input, processing it, and producing output in an organized manner subsystem components of a larger system- with subgoals, all contributing to meeting the main goal.
When it came to the group interaction of the discussions, I feel as if it was productive and helped to write this paper summarizing the whole interaction with our own group and the videos of other groups when trying to reach and achieve their common goal%(15).
Feb 13, · The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals to be achieved by addressing poverty, hunger, maternal and child mortality, communicable disease, education, gender inequality, environmental damage and the global partnership.
Interactive governance is described in the network literature as a process where different actors with diverging interests work together to achieve a common goal .
Association A group of people bound together by common goals and rules, Cooperation A form of social interaction involving collaborative effort among people to achieve a common goal.
Division of labor The assignment of specialized tasks to various members of a group, organization, community. a group of employees from different departments who work together on a specific project consists of individuals with varying specialties, expertise, and skills that are brought together to achieve a common task.