Symbolism is literacy device used by prominent playwrights in history of English literature.
As he wrote in an letter to critic and scholar Georg Brandes"my parents were members on both sides of the most respected families in Skien", explaining that he was closely related with "just about all the patrician families who then dominated the place and its surroundings", mentioning the families PausPlesnervon der LippeCappelen and Blom.
His marriage to Marichen Altenburg, a daughter of ship-owner Johan Andreas Altenburg — and Hedevig Christine Paus —was a successful match. Hedvig Paus must have been well known to the young dramatist, for she lived until She sacrificed herself time and time again.
There was no bitterness or reproach in her. Ibsen would both model and name characters in his plays after his own family.
He moved to the small town of Grimstad to become an apprentice pharmacist and began writing plays. Inwhen Ibsen was aged 18, he had a liaison with Else Sophie Jensdatter Birkedalen which produced a son, Hans Jacob Hendrichsen Birkdalen, whose upbringing Ibsen paid for until the boy was fourteen, though Ibsen never saw Hans Jacob.
Ibsen went to Christiania later renamed Kristiania and then Oslo intending to matriculate at the university. He soon rejected the idea his earlier attempts at entering university were blocked as he did not pass all his entrance examspreferring to commit himself to writing.
His first play, the tragedy Catilinawas published under the pseudonym "Brynjolf Bjarme", when he was only 22, but it was not performed.
His first play to be staged, The Burial Moundreceived little attention. Still, Ibsen was determined to be a playwright, although the numerous plays he wrote in the following years remained unsuccessful. Life and writings[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message He spent the next several years employed at Det norske Theater Bergenwhere he was involved in the production of more than plays as a writer, director, and producer.
During this period, he published five new, though largely unremarkable, plays.
Ibsen returned to Christiania in to become the creative director of the Christiania Theatre. He married Suzannah Thoresen on 18 June and she gave birth to their only child Sigurd on 23 December The couple lived in very poor financial circumstances and Ibsen became very disenchanted with life in Norway.
Inhe left Christiania and went to Sorrento in Italy in self-imposed exile.
His next play, Brandbrought him the critical acclaim he sought, along with a measure of financial success, as did the following play, Peer Gyntto which Edvard Grieg famously composed incidental music and songs. His next series of plays are often considered his Golden Age, when he entered the height of his power and influence, becoming the center of dramatic controversy across Europe.
Although Ibsen himself always looked back on this play as the cornerstone of his entire works, very few shared his opinion, and his next works would be much more acclaimed. Ibsen moved to Munich in and began work on his first contemporary realist drama The Pillars of Societyfirst published and performed in But his philandering continued right up until his death, and his vices are passed on to their son in the form of syphilis.
The mention of venereal disease alone was scandalous, but to show how it could poison a respectable family was considered intolerable. In earlier plays, controversial elements were important and even pivotal components of the action, but they were on the small scale of individual households.
In An Enemy, controversy became the primary focus, and the antagonist was the entire community. One primary message of the play is that the individual, who stands alone, is more often "right" than the mass of people, who are portrayed as ignorant and sheeplike.
In An Enemy of the People, Ibsen chastised not only the conservatism of society, but also the liberalism of the time. He illustrated how people on both sides of the social spectrum could be equally self-serving. An Enemy of the People was written as a response to the people who had rejected his previous work, Ghosts.The only music Henrik Ibsen wrote into his play A Doll's House is the music to the tarantella, which Nora practices dancing to in preparation for the costume party she and Torvald attend on.
Which themes of Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House are reflected in this excerpt from act 1 of the play? NORA (Smiling and humming): That's my affair!
(Walking about the room) It's perfectly glorious to think that we have—that Torvald has so much power over so many people/5(6). In , the centennial of Ibsen's death, A Doll's House held the distinction of being the world's most performed play that year. UNESCO has inscribed Ibsen's autographed manuscripts of A Doll's House on the Memory of the World Register in , in recognition of their historical value.
The title of A Doll's House is symbolically significant as well as highly suggestive of the message that Ibsen seems to have intended to convey through the play. There are two important aspects of the play, which the title directly points to: the doll and the house.
Test your knowledge of A Doll’s House with our quizzes and study questions, or go further with essays on the context and background and links to the best resources around the web. justification to show how Henrik Ibsen challenged the stereotypi-cal representation of women in literature with his female charac-ters.
Keywords: Henrik Ibsen, Anglo-American feminism, feminist crit-icism, analysis of A Doll’s House, the feminist critique.