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Top of Page Classical 1.
Homer 8th century BC. With the Odyssey, the Iliad became the Bible of Greek civilization. This epic of the Trojan War raises issues that shaped the classical humanism that has remained formative in the West: These themes find their focus in the god-like warrior Achilles, who grows from a selfish but unstoppable warrior to one who can weep with the grief of his enemy, Priam, King of Troy.
The Homeric Question leaves open the possibility that two or more authors composed these two foundational works of Western literature.
This epic poem recounts Odysseus' ten-year struggle to reach his home, Ithaca, after the Trojan War. The story is replete with exotic, spine-tingling adventures that rival any in literature or film. The poem climaxes when Odysseus rids his palace of the men attempting to steal his wife, Penelope, then reunites with her and their son Telemachus after a twenty-year absence.
Penelope is portrayed as the picture of patience and faithfulness, and Odysseus as the epitome of the courageous warrior who, through his cunning and strength, is able to overcome every obstacle in his quest to return home.
The definitive statement of Greek humanism, this poem celebrates the family as the foundation of civilization. Aeschylus was the first of the three great tragic playwrights of 5th century B.
His most significant work, a trilogy of plays entitled the Oresteia, demonstrates how the sins of the fathers are visited on the children to the third and fourth generation, until Athena, goddess of wisdom, ends the cycle of blood revenge by establishing a trial by law.
The trilogy thus celebrates civilization's emergence from barbarism in an appeal to a natural law that rises above the chaos of personal revenge. The second of the three great tragic playwrights of 5th century B.
Athens, Sophocles is most famous for the three plays of his Theban Cycle. Oedipus the King explores how hubris pride taints even the noblest of humans and explores the mysterious balance of fate and free will. Antigone presents one woman's defiance of tyrannical authority for the sake of a higher law.
Oedipus at Colonus is a profound study of purgation and redemption. The third of the Athenian tragic writers is the most cynical and troubling of the three.
His plays challenged the confidence of Greek humanism. Medea, for instance, is a pagan sorceress who rages against the "rational" political utilitarianism of her Greek husband Jason.
The Bacchae shows how the rationalism of the Greek ruler Pentheus is incapable of managing the complex range of passions that lurk beneath the surface of the human soul.
Ovid 43 BC AD. This anthology of approximately Greco-Roman myths, all united by the theme of transformation, begins with a creation account and proceeds chronologically up to Ovid's present, the glorious reign of Caesar Augustus.
The work became a treasure trove from which many later writers including Dante and Shakespeare adapted characters, stories, and themes. Some myths either parallel Bible stories or reinforce biblical themes e.
Considered the greatest literary work of Roman civilization, this epic poem recounts the mythic founding of Rome. It focuses upon the Trojan hero Aeneas, who leads a band of refugees from burning Troy through many adventures throughout the Mediterranean world, before settling in Latium, where they must win an epic war to found their civilization.
Aeneas' devotion to public duty over private happiness became an ideal character trait in Roman civilization. Virgil deliberately models his epic after Homer's epics: Lewis ranked this work among the most important he ever read.
Top of Page Medieval 8. Sir Gawain and The Green Knight c. This 14th century tale of knightly adventure is told in a unique poetic form. The pride of King Arthur's court is cunningly challenged, and the virtue of the chivalrous hero is severely tested. The reader is left wondering who has won.
This perfectly crafted work is the finest Arthurian romance in English because it avoids pat idealism, and instead realistically explores the issues of temptation and moral integrity.
The Road Not Taken The symbols of “The Road not Taken” by Robert Frost Alejandra Hernandez ESOL May The poem talks about “roads.” Roads may represent a choice and it’s Words; 2 Pages; The Road Not Taken The poem “The Road Not Taken” is one of the most famous poems written by Robert Frost in In his poem "The Road Not Taken" Robert Frost uses a theme about how the choices one makes affects their entire life. When we come to a fork in the road of life, a decision needs to be made. Similarly, Blanche Farley also discusses choices in her literary work, "The Lover Not Taken". “The Road Not Taken” – Robert Frost “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” – Robert Frost “Because I Could Not Stop for Death” – Emily Dickinson.
On a pilgrimage to Canterbury to visit the shrine of St.“The Road Not Taken” – Robert Frost “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” – Robert Frost “Because I Could Not Stop for Death” – Emily Dickinson.
The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost Essay Words | 2 Pages. The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost "The Road Not Taken" Everyone is a traveler, choosing . Symbols of frost's the estate of myself and to the road not taken in the road not taken by robert frost named after reading,.
Quotations by unknown: 01, we read, college essay careful analysis of two roads and his new generation vs new york times. "The Road Not Taken" did not send Thomas to war, but it was the last and pivotal moment in a sequence of events that had brought him to an irreversible decision.
He broke the news to Frost. Published: Mon, 5 Dec “The Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost is one of the most famous, but misunderstood poems in American culture because the simple language he uses opens the doors to superficial interpretation rather than a deeper metaphorical understanding.
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