Joseph often listed as two tribes named for his sons, Ephraim and Manasseh. Millions of people would descend from Isaac and Rebekah over time. In fact, they would number in the billions throughout the generations of humanity on the earth.
The name Yahwehthe god of the later Israelites, may indicate connections with the region of Mount Seir in Edom. The inscription is very brief: When the Jews returned from the Babylonian captivitythe Hasmonean kingdom was established[ dubious — discuss ] in present-day Israelconsisting of three regions which were Judea, Samaria, and the Galilee.
In the pre-exilic First Temple Period the political power of Judea was concentrated within the tribe of JudahSamaria was dominated by the tribe The mention of the israelites in Ephraim and the House of Josephwhile the Galilee was associated with the tribe of Naphtalithe most eminent tribe of northern Israel.
During the Second Temple period relations between the Jews and Samaritans remained tense. In BCE the Hasmonean king Yohanan Hyrcanos I destroyed the Samaritan temple on Mount Gerizimdue to the resentment between the two groups over a disagreement of whether Mount Moriah in Jerusalem or Mount Gerizim in Shechem was the actual site of the Aqedahand the chosen place for the Holy Templea source of contention that had been growing since the two houses of the former united monarchy first split asunder in BCE and which had finally exploded into warfare.
The Torah traces the Israelites to the patriarch Jacobgrandson of Abraham, who was renamed Israel after a mysterious incident in which he wrestles all night with God or an angel.
Gad, Asher Genesis When they arrive they and their families are 70 in number, but within four generations they have increased tomen of fighting age, and the Pharaoh of Egypt, alarmed, first enslaves them and then orders the death of all male Hebrew children.
A woman from the tribe of Levi hides her child, places him in a woven basket, and sends him down the Nile river. He is named Mosheh, or Mosesby the Egyptians who find him.
Being a Hebrew baby, they award a Hebrew woman the task of raising him, the mother of Moses volunteers, and the child and his mother are reunited. When he is eighty years old, Moses is tending a herd of sheep in solitude on Mount Sinai when he sees a desert shrub that is burning but is not consumed.
Israel is my son, my first-born and I have said to you: Let my son go, that he may serve me, and you have refused to let him go.
Behold, I will slay your son, your first-born". Moses returns to Egypt and tells Pharaoh that he must let the Hebrew slaves go free.
Pharaoh refuses and Yahweh strikes the Egyptians with a series of horrific plagues, wonders, and catastrophesafter which Pharaoh relents and banishes the Hebrews from Egypt. Moses leads the Israelites out of bondage  toward the Red Seabut Pharaoh changes his mind and arises to massacre the fleeing Hebrews.
Pharaoh finds them by the sea shore and attempts to drive them into the ocean with his chariots and drown them. After the Israelites escape from the midst of the sea, Yahweh causes the ocean to close back in on the pursuing Egyptian army, drowning them to death. In the desert Yahweh feeds them with manna that accumulates on the ground with the morning dew.
They are led by a column of cloudwhich ignites at night and becomes a pillar of fire to illuminate the way, southward through the desert until they come to Mount Sinai.
The twelve tribes of Israel encamp around the mountain, and on the third day Mount Sinai begins to smolder, then catches fire, and Yahweh speaks the Ten Commandments from the midst of the fire to all the Israelites, from the top of the mountain.
Moses descends from the mountain forty days later with the Sefer Torah he wrote, and with two rectangular lapis lazuli  tablets, into which Yahweh had carved the Ten Commandments in Paleo—Hebrew.
In his absence, Aaron has constructed an image of Yahweh,  depicting him as a young Golden Calfand has presented it to the Israelites, declaring "Behold O Israel, this is your god who brought you out of the land of Egypt". Moses smashes the two tablets and grinds the golden calf into dust, then throws the dust into a stream of water flowing out of Mount Sinai, and forces the Israelites to drink from it.
After the tablets are completed, light emanates from the face of Moses for the rest of his life, causing him to wear a veil so he does not frighten people.
Moses prophesies if they forsake the Torah, Yahweh will exile them for the total number of years they did not observe the shmita. Moses sends spies to scout out the Land of Canaanand the Israelites are commanded to go up and conquer the land, but they refuse, due to their fear of warfare and violence.
In response, Yahweh condemns the entire generation, including Moses, who is condemned for striking the rock at Meribah, to exile and death in the Sinai desert. Moses prophesies that if the Israelites disobey the Torah, Yahweh will cause a global exile in addition to the minor one prophesied earlier at Mount Sinai, but at the end of days Yahweh will gather them back to Israel from among the nations when they turn back to the Torah with zeal.
Land is allocated to the tribes by lottery. Eventually the Israelites ask for a king, and Yahweh gives them Saul. Davidthe youngest divinely favored son of Jesse of Bethlehem would succeed Saul. On the death of Solomon and reign of his son, Rehoboamthe kingdom is divided in two.
In Judah some kings are good and enforce the worship of Yahweh alone, but many are bad and permit other gods, even in the Holy Temple itself, and at length Yahweh allows Judah to fall to her enemies, the people taken into captivity in Babylonthe land left empty and desolate, and the Holy Temple itself destroyed.
The Israelites are allowed to return to Judah and Benjamin, the Holy Temple is rebuilt, the priestly orders restored, and the service of sacrifice resumed.
Through the offices of the sage EzraIsrael is constituted as a holy nation, bound by the Torah and holding itself apart from all other peoples.Twelve Tribes of Israel, in the Bible, the Hebrew people who, after the death of Moses, took possession of the Promised Land of Canaan under the leadership of Joshua.
Because the tribes were named after sons or grandsons of Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel after he wrestled an angel of the Lord, the Hebrew people became known as Israelites.
The Exodus and Ancient Egyptian Records "And Moses said unto the people: Do not fear! Some historians have been attracted by the name of the store-city Raamses built by the Israelites before the Exodus. though, Egyptian records mention a Pharaoh who reigned for ninety four years. And not only ninety four years, but from the age of six.
May 09, · Official audio for Desmond Dekker & The Aces - "Israelites", released in on Trojan Records. Check out Trojan Records' official YouTube channel for more. They are called Israelites, Jews, Hebrews, children of Abraham, Daughter Zion, God’s chosen people, etc.
One of the most common names for the Jewish people in the Bible is “Israelites.” This title was used in the same sense that American citizens are referred to .
The Merneptah Stele—also known as the Israel Stele or the Victory Stele of Merneptah—is an inscription by the ancient Egyptian king Merneptah (reign: to BC) discovered by Flinders Petrie in at Thebes, and now housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
Hoffmeier uses recent archaeological excavation data from Egypt to shed new light on the slavery of the Israelites in Egypt, the locations mentioned in Exodus and the route the Israelites took out of Egypt to the Promised Land.